Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.
Seventh [H7637 Shebiyiy]
Sabbath [H7676 Shabbath] — intensive of Rest [H7673 Shabath]
2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it [hallowed it or made it HOLY]: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
From the very beginning, God connected RESTING with the SEVENTH day.
The SEVENTH day of creation was a SHABATH [REST], but it was not THE SHABBATH [SABBATH] that God gave to MAN.
It was not until Exodus 16 that God gave MAN a DAY of SHABATH – the SHEBIYIY DAY or SEVENTH DAY of the week – and designated it as THE SHABBATH.
23 And he said unto them, This is that which the Lord hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the Lord: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.
25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath [H7676 Shabbath] unto the Lord: to day ye shall not find it in the field.
26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.
27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.
28 And the Lord said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws?
29 See, for that the Lord hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.
30 So the people rested on the seventh day.
Centuries later, God began to speak through the prophets to let us know that His ultimate intention was not simply to give man a DAY of REST for his BODY; rather, it was to give man a LIFE of REST for his SOUL.
9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.
10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:
11 For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. [1 Cor. 14:21] 12 To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to REST; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.
13 But the word of the Lord was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
Thus saith the Lord, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find REST for your SOULS. But they said, We will not walk therein.
In the NT, Jesus clearly spoke to his audience and told them that He would give them REST for their SOULS [Matt. 11:28-20]. And then He immediately began to challenge the traditions of their SABBATH DAY keeping in the following chapter. This is the first mention of SABBATH in the NT!
28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.
NOTE: Matthew 12 – 8 X Sabbath [sabbaton] occurs.
Notice how the writer of Hebrews gives a clearer understanding of the NT concept of REST by comparing and contrasting it with the OT concept of REST.
6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice,
8 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.
10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.
11 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)
12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
15 While it is said, Today if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.
16 For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.
17 But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?
18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?
19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.
2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.
3 For we which have believed [i.e., we who have obeyed Acts 2:38 and received the Holy Ghost – see Acts 19:2!) do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.
5 And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest.
6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:
7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
8 For if Jesus [Joshua, the son of Nun] had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.
9 There remaineth therefore a rest [sabbatismos – not katapausis] to the people of God.
10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.
11 Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.
Notice: throughout Hebrews 3 and 4 the Greek word katapausis is used for REST – except in Heb. 4:9, where the word sabbatismos is used: a SABBATH-KEEPING!
In other words, we who have been born again of water and spirit according to Acts 2:38 have entered into the NT SABBATH–not for merely one day of the week, but for a lifetime.
Acts 2:1 – Day of Pentecost [Shavuot]
SHAVUOT is The Crown Jewel of the TRUE SABBATH!
The FULLY COME Jewish Feast of Pentecost or SHAVUOT of Acts 2:1 is actually the fulfilled or the COMPLETED SABBATH!
The Hebrew word for Pentecost is SHAVUOT!
Notice how SHAVUOT is etymologically related to SHEBIYIY, SHABATH and SHABBATH!
To determine the day of the Feast of Shavout [Feast of Sabbaths or Feast of Weeks] in the OT, SEVEN SABBATHS were counted after the FEAST of FIRSTFRUITS.
7 X 7 = 49
The following day was the 50th day, or SHAVUOT [PENTECOST]!
SHAVUOT (PENTECOST) always occurred on the FIRST DAY of the WEEK [what we know as Sunday]!
Acts 2:1 [PENTECOST/SHAVUOT] was on a SUNDAY (first day of week), also known as “the Lord’s Day”!
This is THE REST FOR OUR SOULS, where we cease from the LABOR or WORKS of the FLESH!
There is absolutely NO EFFICACY in keeping the Seventh Day of the week as a Sabbath Day in the NT Church!
Such a practice is actually NOT APOSTOLIC.
In fact, the Epistle to the Gentiles composed by the Jerusalem Church leaders in Acts 15 not only does not bind CIRCUMCISION on the Gentiles, but it also does not bind the Seventh-Day Sabbath on the Gentiles!
SUNDAY is NOT the SABBATH DAY.
It is the FIRST DAY of the WEEK, or the Lord’s Day!
Receiving the New Birth experience of PENTECOST/SHAVUOT is the NT Sabbath!
Apostolic Faith Tabernacle